Protected Biodiversity in Nepal

Nepal is rich in terms of biodiversity and with the establishment of the conservation reserves and national parks, it has been providing shelther to the diverse plants and animal species. Nepal accommodates various species of plants and animals, some of which are rare to most of the parts of the world. The list of biodiversity listed as rare and conserved in a reserve or the national park is given below:

MAMMALS

S.N SCIENTIFIC NAME ENGLISH NAME LOCAL NAME
1. Macaca assamensis Assamese monkey Assamis rato bandar
2. Manis pentadactyla/M. crassicaudataa Chinese/Indian pangolin Salak
3. Caprolagus hispidus Hispid hare Hispid kharayo
4.



Canis lupus Wolf Bwanso
5. Ursus arctos Himalayan Bear Himali rato bhalu
6. Ailurus fulgens Red panda Habre
7. Prionodon pardicolor Spotted linsang Silu
8. Felis bengalensia Leopard cat Chari bagh
9. Felis lynx Lynx Lynx
10. Neofelis nebulosa Clouded leopard Dwanse chituwa
11. Panthera tigris Tiger Bagh
12. Panthera uncia Snow leopard Hinu chituwa
13. Elephas maximus Asiatic elephant Hatti
14. Rhiniceros unicornis Rhinoceros Gainda
15. Sus salvanius Pygmi hog Pudke Bandel
16. Moschus moschiferos Musk deer Kasturi mirga
17. Cervus duvauceli Swamp deer Barhasingha
18. Bos gaurus Gaur Gauri gai
19. Bos grunniens Wild yak Yak
20. Bubalus bubalis Wild buffalo Arna
21. Ovis ammon Great tibetan sheep Nayan
22. Pantholops hodgsoni Tibetan antilope Chiru
23. Antilope cervicapra Black buck Krisnasar
24. Tetraceros quadricornis Four horned antilope Chauka
25. Hyaena hyaena Striped hynae Hundar
26. Platanista gangetica Gangetic dolphin Shons

protected birds of nepal

BIRDS

S.N SCIENTIFIC NAME ENGLISH NAME LOCAL NAME
1. Catreus wallichii Chir pheasant Kalij
2. Lophophorus impeyanus Impeyan pheasant Danfe
3. Tragopan satyra Crimson horned pheasant Monal
4. Ciconia ciconia White stork Seto sarus
5. Eupodotis bengalensis Bengal florican Khar major
6. Sypheotides indica Lesser florican Sano khar majur
7. Grus grus Sarus crane Sarus
8. Buceros bicornis Giant hornbill Thulo dhanesh
9. Ciconia nigra Black stork Kalo sarus

REPTILES

S.N SCIENTIFIC NAME ENGLISH NAME LOCAL NAME
1. Gavialis gangeticus Ghariyal Gharial gohi
2. Python spp. Python Ajingar
3. Varanus flavescens Monitor lizard Sun gohoro